First Steps

Think about the 5 principles

To make it easier to reduce waste at home, it’s important to think about the 5 rules of zero waste as much as possible. What are they?

  1. Refuse. Every day, try to refuse what you don’t need.
  2. Reduce. Try to reduce what you need.
  3. Use again. Reuse all the materials and packaging you can.
  4. Recycle. Recycle what you can’t refuse, reduce or reuse.
  5. Compost. Last, start composting your organic waste.

Say no to the little things

Whether it’s a business card in a meeting, a straw in a restaurant, a plastic bag in the store or a promotional flyer. Refusing even the smallest waste is crucial. In addition to protecting the environment, we are also building the habit of not buying unnecessary items.

Use less of everything

Start using less of the things you use daily. Like soap, laundry detergent or toothpaste. Reduce buying plastic water bottles, carry a reusable one. Also, don’t buy things just because they are reduced or cheap and only use as much as you really need.

Shop in sustainable packaging

On the way to the store, take a textile shopping bag with you. Put a bag in your car, in your purse and in your backpack. That way you will always have one available. Often smaller markets and shops have a large range of products that are sold in bulk – take advantage of this and shop without packaging. If a product is packaged, choose glass, metal or paper – materials that can be recycled.

Collect your waste separately

Start small – for example, only collect paper separately at first. Then start with plastic and metal. That way you can make the change more slowly, which will lead to a better result. (Especially if others in the house are not of the same opinion.)
If you doubt that Bulgaria actually recycles, you can see what we learned during our walk through the recycling depot in Sofia.


Composting is the process of rotting and decomposing organic matter (food waste, plant matter, etc.), which over time is transformed into nutrient-rich soil, so-called humus. The finished compost is used to fertilise crops and plants and to feed the soil.

How to compost easily at home? Find out in our quick guide.